Active people generally live longer and are at less risk for serious health problems like heart disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and some cancers. For people with chronic diseases, physical activity can help manage these conditions and complications. For more information on why physical activity matters, the benefits of physical activity, and how the Hartford Department of Health and Human Services in partnership with CDC is working in making a difference, explore the options below.

Immediate Benefits

A single bout of moderate-to vigorous physical activity provides immediate benefits for your health.

  1. Sleep
    – Improves sleep quality
  2. Less Anxiety
    – Reduces feelings of anxiety
  3. Blood Pressure
    – Reduces blood pressure

Long-term Benefits

Regular physical activity provides important health benefits for chronic disease prevention.

  1. Brain Health
    – Reduces risks of developing dementia (including Alzheimer’s disease) and reduces risk of depression
  2. Heart Health
    – Lowers risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes
  3. Cancer Prevention
    -Lowers risk of eight cancers: bladder, breast, colon, endometrium, esophagus, kidney, lung, and stomach
  4. Healthy Weight
    – Reduces risk of weight gain
  5. Bone Strength
    – Improves bone health
  6. Balance and Coordination
    – Reduces risks of falls

Emerging research suggests physical activity may also help boost immune function.1,2

  1. Nieman, D. C., & Wentz, L. M. (2019). The compelling link between physical activity and the body’s defense system. Journal of sport and health science, 8(3), 201-217.
  2. Jones, A. W., & Davison, G. (2019). Exercise, Immunity, and Illness. In Muscle and Exercise Physiology (pp. 317-344). Academic Press.

Watch some videos on how to start to be more active.

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Hartford Health and Human Services

131 Coventry Street
Hartford, CT 06112

Contact Info
(860) 757-4700


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Monday – Friday 8:00 AM–5:00 PM
Saturday Closed